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  4. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 116: Management of Intrapartum Fetal Heart Rate Tracings. Obstetrics And Gynecology, 2010 Nov; Vol. 116 (5), pp. 1232-40.
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  6. Neilson DR Jr, Freeman RK, Mangan S. Signal ambiguity resulting in unexpected outcome with external fetal heart rate monitoring. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun;198(6):717-24.
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  8. Simpson KR. Intrauterine resuscitation during labor: Review of current methods and supportive evidence. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 May-Jun;52(3):229-37.
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  12. NCC: Certificate of Added Qualification in Electronic Fetal Monitoring (C-EFM).
  13. National Certification Corporation. NICHD Definitions and Classifications: Application to Electronic Fetal Monitoring Interpretation. NCC Monograph, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2010.
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  15. Simpson KR. Intrauterine resuscitation during labor: Should maternal oxygen administration be a first-line measure? Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Volume 13, Issue 6, December 2008, pp 362-367.
  16. Kirkpatrick DH, Burkman RT. Does Standardization of Care Through Clinical Guidelines Improve Outcomes and Reduce Medical Liability? Obstet Gynecol, Volume 116(5), November 2010, pp 1022-1026.
  17. Susan Martin Tucker, Lisa A. Miller, David A. Miller, Mosby's Pocket Guide to Fetal Monitoring: A Multidisciplinary Approach, © 2009.